First Look: Equity & Opportunity during the 2015/16 School Year
This page contains key data highlights on equity and opportunity gaps in our nation's public schools from the 2015-16 civil rights data collection (CRDC) survey. We will be updating this page over the coming weeks and months as we continue our analysis of this critical resource.
During the 2015-2016 school year:
- There were over 5,000 schools that had more school law enforcement officers and security guards than support staff (i.e., school counselors, psychologist and social workers)
- There were over 20,000 schools with law enforcement officers
- Black students were 15% of the total students enrolled but 40% of those suspended
- Black children lost over 5,000,000 days of school due to exclusionary discipline
- Over 1,000,000 Black children were issued an out-of-school suspension
- Over 20,000 Black children received a school related arrest
- Over 70,000 Black children were referred to a law enforcement agency or official
- Over 30,000 Black children were transferred to an alternative school for disciplinary reasons
- Over 3,000 Black preschoolers were issued an out-of-school suspension
Where is the data in this report from?
The 2015-16 Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) is a survey of all public schools and school districts in the United States. The CRDC measures student access to courses, programs, instructional and other staff, and resources — as well as school climate factors, such as student discipline and bullying and harassment — that impact education equity and opportunity for students.
Since 1968, the U.S. Department of Education (ED) has conducted the CRDC to collect data on key education and civil rights issues in our nation's public schools. The collection was formerly administered as the Elementary and Secondary School Survey (E&S Survey).
The CRDC is a longstanding and important aspect of the ED Office for Civil Rights (OCR) overall strategy for administering and enforcing the civil rights statutes for which it is responsible. Information collected by the CRDC is also used by other ED offices as well as policymakers and researchers outside of ED. Learn more >>